Originally the Office of Indian Affairs, or Indian Agency.
Subdivision of a tribe
Department of Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs in the United States
Degree of Indian Blood
A record of the blood quantum for an individual. Each tribe determines the official blood quantum that is required to be recognized by that tribe.
The US Congress approved the Act on March 3, 1893. The purpose was to negotiate treaties with the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole tribes The aim was to divide tribal land into plots which were then distributed to approved members of the tribe.
The enrollment record for the Five Civilized Tribes, compiled between 1895 and 1914.
The Federal Government wanted to classify all Indians into a tribe for the purpose of negotiating treaties with those tribes. One example is the Dawes Roles.
A loose federation of the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole tribes formed in 1859 in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma).
An Act passed by the United States government by which specific parcels of land were allotted to individual Indians on many of the reservations.
The individual authorized to interact with Indian tribes on behalf of the US Government. This term/position existed until the turn of the 20th century. In the 1880’s the instruction to agents stated their job duties included:
After the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, this term is used to mean a tribe which had organized under the Act.
The forerunner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
An official US Government policy in the early to mid-1800's intended to remove American Indians from areas where conflict between them and non-Indian settlers may have arisen.
A parcel of land reserved by the US Government upon which a tribe or tribes were to reside.
Agreements between governments and the Indian tribes. There are treaties between tribes and the US Government, the Canadian Government and the British Government.
A term applied by non-Indians to a group of Indians, usually of a common linguistic or cultural group.